Hot weather and ill-prepared food may contribute to food poisoning. Here are number of
bacteria and their immediate effects that we all have to be aware of.
Known more popularly as E. coli, this bacteria. E. coli is a very common bacteria as it occurs naturally in the intestinal tract. However, one very uncommon strain of E. coli (known as 0157:H7) can produce life-threatening conditions like hemorrhagic colitis which results in severe abdominal cramps and bloody diarrhea; and hemolytic uremic syndrome which results in acute kidney failure in young children. E. coli thrives in raw and undercooked beef, and milk.
This pathogen produces a number of symptoms - from mild to severe. It also causes gastroenteritis (the inflammation of the lining of the intestines) with symptoms like nausea and diarrhea. This is a tough pathogen as even the least number of this organism can make one stick.
Those who like eating such "exotic foods" like game and the like, should be wary of this pathogen. Fortunately, cases arising from this pathogen are becoming rare, as is its main source, exotic game (e.g. wildboar and other exotic meats.)
Like E. coli this pathogen is very common as it actually thrives on the throat, nose and skin of individuals (on cuts and even pimples!). The reason why people should be wary of staphylococcus is that it easily multiplies in warm weather. Likewise, it is resistant to heat, refrigeration and freezing. Although it produces a number of symptoms, what one should remember is that this pathogen could be fatal.
Llisteria can produce flu-like symptoms and most people - adults especially - can only be inconvenienced by it. However, it can be fatal for fetuses and to newborns. The same could be said about people with compromised immune systems. Like staphylococcus, Listeria is common in the environment most humans move in.
Although botulism rarely occurs, the fatality rate of this pathogen is very high. A person who suffers from botulism usually experiences fatigue and blurred vision. This bacteria is present in the environment and cases have been reported of its presence in vegetables and even honey. Yes, the botulin toxin is present in honey, as such the latter should not be given to individuals with as yet non-fully operating and compromised immune systems, like children and old people.
Surprisingly, the toxin that this pathogen produces is also being used in cosmetic surgery. Indeed, the much favored botox treatments results in erasing wrinkles for a short period of time. This is because the toxin that has proven to be fatal to unlucky sufferers, can actually be a very effective muscle relaxant as well.